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Signal reconstruction by a GA-optimized ensemble of PCA models


Baraldi, P. , Zio, E. , Gola, G. , Roverso, D. , Hoffmann, M.
Nuclear engineering and design, Vol. 241, no. 1 (January 2011), 301-309
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On-line sensor monitoring allows detecting anomalies in sensor operation and reconstructing the correct signals of failed sensors by exploiting the information coming from other measured signals. In field applications, the number of signals to be monitored is often too large to be handled effectively by a single reconstruction model. A more viable approach is that of decomposing the problem by constructing a number of reconstruction models, each one handling an individual group of signals. To apply this approach, two problems must be solved: (1) the optimal definition of the groups of signals and (2) the appropriate combination of the outcomes of the individual models. With respect to the first problem, in this work, Multi-Objective Genetic Algorithms (MOGAs) are devised for finding the optimal groups of signals used for building reconstruction models based on Principal Component Analysis (PCA). With respect to the second problem, a weighted scheme is adopted to combine appropriately the signal predictions of the individual models. The proposed approach is applied to a real case study concerning the reconstruction of 84 signals collected from a Swedish nuclear boiling water reactor.
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