Energy and Environmental Technology
The main focus for IFE’s energy- and environmental research is renewable energy sources including solar- and wind power, batteries and hydrogen as the future’s energy carriers, new materials and nanotechnology, as well as CO2 management (CCS). IFE is responsible for Norway’s single nuclear waste storage for low- and medium active waste.
The number of employees is about 75 with a turnover of about 140 MNOK.
Main research areas:
- Energy system analysis; mainly conducted using the MARKAL model dealing with energy cost and technology options.
- Wind power; based on wind turbine aerodynamics and simulation methods for airflow over irregular terrain.
- Hydrogen as an energy carrier; modelling, simulation, and system analysis of hydrogen energy systems, hydrogen production by electrolysis, metal hydrides for hydrogen storage and fuel cells for converting hydrogen to power. Design of RE-H2 data acquisition and control systems. See also the Physics Department.
- Heat pump technology; based on a hybrid compression/absorption cycle utilizing industrial waste heat, delivering hot water at 90 -110ºC.
- Solar energy; characterisation, development and processing of solar cells based on crystalline silicon. Laboratories equipped with a dedicated line for producing silicon-based solar cells and characterization equipment for measuring all kind of structural, electrical and optical properties.
- CO2-management; hydrogen production from natural gas and biogas with integrated CO2-capture. Fluid – rock – interactions studies for industrial use, subsurface injection and deposition of CO2
- Isotope technology; use of natural isotope systems for simulation and monitoring of natural processes; mass spectrometry for stable and radiogenic isotope measurements.
- Waste technology; safe treatment, transport, storage and deposit of low and intermediate radioactive waste.
IFE is today the largest R&D institution on renewable energy, industrial energy efficiency and energy research as a total in Norway. Our aim is to maintain and strengthen this position, also including environmental technology. This includes in addition radio-ecology and radiation protection studies. See also the Health and Safety Department.