Material Technology

Transport of dense phase CO2 in C-steel pipelines – when is corrosion an issue?

Dugstad, A. , Clausen, S. , Morland, B.
Corrosion 2011, Houston, Tex., 2011-03-12--03-17. Paper 11070
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Both field experience and lab data indicate that the corrosion rate in pure dense phase CO2 is near zero if no free water is present. It is not confirmed that this also applies when other contaminants like SOx, NOx, H2S and O2 are present in moderate amounts. In a pipeline network with different type of CO2 sources, the comingling of streams with various impurities can give a very complex mixture, and side reactions like oxidation and decomposition of impurities can be foreseen. An important issue is how the contaminants partition between the various phases during pressure reduction and when free water is present. The corrosion mechanisms under these conditions are not very well understood and it becomes more and more uncertain what will happen when the concentration of contaminants including water increases. The paper addresses these issues and discusses recent results obtained in corrosion and partitioning experiments carried out in flow loops and autoclaves. ©NACE International. All rights reserved. Paper Number 11070 reproduced with permission from CORROSION 2011 Annual Conference and Exhibition, San Antonio, Texas.
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